Beverly Greene

 

Country of origin: United States of America

Born: 1915

Died: 1957

Education: Illinois University

Places of professional performance: United States of America

PIONEERS

Pioneers in the field of architecture, these women started breaking barriers previously thought to be impossbile to break through. Combatitive and determined, they were among those who made  it possible for women to have a presence in architecture at a time when the culture was deeply patriarchal. Among these women is Julia Morgan, who in 1904 became the first woman licensed to work in architecture, which represented a very important milestone for the history of the profession. Previously, architects like Sophia Hayden Bennet, who became an architect in 1890, suffered from so much discrimination that she basically couldn’t work (and when she finally could she received less than a tenth of the salary of her male counterparts). Martha Cassell, Norma Merrick Sklarek, Georgia Louise Harris and Beverly Lorraine Greene were also pioneers in the face of racial prejudice in the profession. These four black women shaped the course of the architecture profession, representing the various dimensions that sexism can take, and they were the first to seek recognition and respect from a profession that was essentially patriarchal. Finally, Margarete Shutte-Lhotzky, better known as Gret, was responsible for the iconic Frankfurt kitchen design in addition to several other projects. But frustrated with only being associated with the kitchen, Gret said: “If I knew that this was the only thing everyone was going to talk about I never would have made the damn thing.”  

 

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Julia Morgan

 

Name: Julia Morgan

Country of origin: United States of America

Born: 1872

Died: 1957

Education: University of California, Berkeley (Civil Engineering). School of Fine Arts, Paris (Architecture).

Places of professional performance: United States of America, France.

Martha Cassell

 

Country of origin: United States of America

Born: 1925

Died: 1968

Education: College of Architecture at Cornell University

Places of professional performance: United States of America

Norma Merrick Sklarek

 

Country of origin: United States of America

Born: 1928

Died: 2012

Education: Columbia University

Places of professional performance: United States of America and Japan

Sophia Hayden Bennett​

 

Country of origin: Chile

Born: 1868

Died: 1953

Education: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Places of professional performance: United States of America

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