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Julia Morgan

 

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Country of origin: United States of America

Born: 1872

Died: 1957

Education: University of California, Berkeley (Civil Engineering). School of Fine Arts, Paris (Architecture).

Places of professional performance: United States of America, France.

Selected projects:

  • 1904 – Campanile (bell tower)

  • 1904 – Mills College, Oakland, CA

  • 1913 – Asilomar, Pacific Grove, CA

  • 1917 – Livermore House, San Francisco, CA

  • 1922 – The Farm, home of Willian Randolph Hearst, Valley of the Oaks, CA

  • 1922/1939 – San Simeon (Hearst Castle), San Simeon, CA

  • 1927 – Lajiakea YMCA, Honolulu, Hawaii

  • 1929 – The Berkeley City Club, Berkeley, CA

 

Curiosities: She opened her own office in 1904, becoming the first woman to be licensed to work with Architecture. After the destruction of her office in the earthquake of 1906, she had to open another one. She worked with residential architecture, completing more than 700 projects until 1951, when she retired. In 2014, she was the first woman to be honored with a gold medal with AIA – American Institute of Architects for inspiring an entire generation of female architects. Morgan’s style was characterized by the use of California’s vernacular architecure, alongside with details from her experience with Arts and Crafts at École des Beaux-Arts, including exposed binding beams, horizontal lines mixing with the landscape, the extensive use of California Redwood tiles, and earth tones.

 

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